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The Rx Bricks Podcast
The Rx Bricks Podcast
Thyroid Diagnosis: Putting It All Together
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In your reading about thyroid diseases, you have run across a number of symptoms, physical exam findings, tests, and diagnostic strategies. You have also encountered the diagnostic overlap between the various syndromes and diseases like hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, Graves disease, and thyroiditis, which can be confusing. How can you keep all this straight? The purpose of…

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The Rx Bricks Podcast
The Rx Bricks Podcast
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
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*** Rx Bricks Season Pass https://go.usmle-rx.com/brick-season-pass/ *** Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the most dreaded acute complications of diabetes mellitus. It is a medical emergency. When patients with DKA arrive at the emergency department, they are clearly ill, with vomiting, diarrhea, disordered breathing, and mental status changes—even unconsciousness. Up to 2% of patients with…

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The Rx Bricks Podcast
The Rx Bricks Podcast
Chronic Complications of Diabetes Mellitus
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*** Rx Bricks Season Pass https://go.usmle-rx.com/brick-season-pass/ ***   Some of the most dreaded chronic complications of diabetes mellitus come from injury to the blood vessels. Such injury may lead to blindness, renal failure requiring dialysis, and early death from heart attacks. These complications develop slowly over years and can be divided into two groups based…

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The Rx Bricks Podcast
The Rx Bricks Podcast
Cushing Syndrome
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Cushing syndrome is a cluster of clinical features resulting from exposure to excess glucocorticoids (hypercortisolism). Most of the abnormalities in Cushing syndrome are caused by high levels of cortisol itself, but an accompanying excess of androgens and mineralocorticoids like aldosterone may also add to the syndrome. Cortisol is produced continuously in the adrenal gland. It…

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The Rx Bricks Podcast
The Rx Bricks Podcast
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
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Type 1 diabetes mellitus, previously known as juvenile diabetes, is one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood. The pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes begins with autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing β cells in the islets of Langerhans, thus leading to insulin deficiency. A crucial role of insulin is to increase glucose uptake into…

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Diabetes Melllitus
The Rx Bricks Podcast
The Rx Bricks Podcast
Diabetes Melllitus: Foundations and Frameworks
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Blood glucose is proof that you can have too much of a good thing. While glucose serves a critical role as fuel for many of our bodily functions, it must remain in a very tightly controlled range. If the level goes too low, you can fall into a coma. If glucose is too high, damage…

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Pituitary Gland
The Rx Bricks Podcast
The Rx Bricks Podcast
Structure and Function of the Pituitary Gland
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In this episode, we dig into the Endocrine collection of Rx Bricks to explore the structure and function of the pituitary gland. Learning Objectives: Describe the location and gross appearance of the pituitary gland. Describe the histologic appearance of the anterior and posterior lobes, and list the hormones produced by each. Discuss the embryologic origins…

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